Professor Tanja Bueltmann
Professor of History, Northumbria University

I studied at the universities of Bielefeld (Germany) and Edinburgh for my MA in British Cultural Studies, History and Sociology. With a strong background in Scottish History, I then moved to New Zealand in early 2006 to pursue my doctoral research on the country’s Scottish immigrant community. Funded by the New Zealand government with a New Zealand International Doctoral Research Scholarship, I completed my PhD at the end of 2008; it was published, in 2011, as Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850 to 1930 (in the Scottish Historical Review Monograph Series). I returned to Europe in early 2009, when I was appointed to join the History team at Northumbria University.

My research interests are in diaspora and migration history, especially the cultural and social history of Scottish immigrant communities. I am particularly interested in why immigrants ‘club together’ in associations once they settle in their new home. I explore that question in detail in my second monograph entitled Clubbing Together: Ethnicity, Civility and Formal Sociability in the Scottish Diaspora to 1930. The book is the 2015 Saltire Society Research Book of the Year.

Apart from looking at the history of the Scots abroad and Scottish migration, I was also Co-Investigator of the AHRC funded project ‘Locating the Hidden Diaspora: The English in North America in Transatlantic Perspective, 1760-1950’. A monograph from that project, co-authored with Prof Don MacRaild, was recently published as The English Diaspora in North America: Migration, Ethnicity and Association, 1730s-1950s.

In my current project, which was funded by the ESRC with a Future Research Leaders grand, I examine the life and experiences of British and German expats in Asia.

To contact me directly, please send an email to You can also follow me on Twitter @cliodiaspora



Under contract

Co-edited collection

[with D.M. MacRaild and J.C.D. Clark] British and Irish Diasporas: Societies, Cultures, and Ideologies (under contract, Manchester University Press).

[with Graeme Morton], ‘Partners in Empire: The Scottish Diaspora since 1707’, in D.M. MacRaild, Tanja Bueltmann and J.C.D. Clark, British and Irish Diasporas: Societies, Cultures, and Ideologies (under contract, Manchester University Press).


[with D.M. MacRaild] The English Diaspora in North America: Migration, Ethnicity and Association, 1730s-1950s (Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2017); length: 150,000 words; contribution split among authors 50/50.

Clubbing Together: Ethnicity, Civility and Formal Sociability in the Scottish Diaspora to 1930 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2014). [110,000 words] >> winner of the Saltire Society Research Book of the Year 2015 award

[with A. Hinson and G. Morton], The Scottish Diaspora (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013). [115,000 words]

[with Brad Patterson, Tom Brooking, Jim McAloon and Rebecca Lenihan], Unpacking the Kist: The Scots in New Zealand. McGill-Queen’s Studies in Ethnic History Series (Montreal: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2013).

Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850 to 1930 (Scottish Historical Review Monograph Series, Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011). [105,000 words] >> shortlisted for the Saltire Society Research Book of the Year and History Book of the Year awards 2011

Edited Collections

[with D. Gleeson and D.M. MacRaild] Locating the English Diaspora, 1500-2010 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012).

[with A. Hinson and G. Morton] Ties of Bluid, Kin and Countrie: Scottish Associational Culture in the Diaspora (Guelph: Guelph Series in Scottish Studies, 2009).

Refereed Journal Articles 

[with L.C. Robinson] ‘Making Home in a Sojourner World: Organised Ethnicity and British Associationalism in Singapore, c1880s-1930s’, Britain and the World, 9:2 (2016), pp. 167-96.

[with D. Gleeson and D.M. MacRaild], ‘Invisible Diaspora? English Ethnicity in the United States before 1920’, Journal of American Ethnic History 33:4 (2014), pp. 5-30.

‘Ethnizität und Organisierte Geselligkeit: Das Assoziationswesen deutscher Migranten in Neuseeland im mittleren und späten 19. Jahrhundert’, Historische Zeitschrift, 295:3 (December 2012), pp. 660-89 [title translation: ‘Ethnicity and Organised Sociability: The Associationalism of German Migrants in New Zealand in the Mid- and Late-Nineteenth Century’].

[with D.M. MacRaild], ‘Globalising St George: English Associations in the Anglo-World to the 1930s’, Journal of Global History, 7:1 (2012), pp. 79-105.

‘“The Image of Scotland which We Cherish in Our Hearts”: Burns Anniversary Celebrations in Colonial Otago’, Immigrants & Minorities, special issue, 30:1 (2012), pp. 78-97.

‘Manly Games, Athletic Sports and the Commodification of Scottish Identity: Caledonian Gatherings in New Zealand to 1915’, Scottish Historical Review LXXXIX, 2:228 (2010), pp. 224–247.

‘“No Colonists are more Imbued with their National Sympathies than Scotchmen”: The Nation as an Analytical Tool in the Study of Migrant Communities’, New Zealand Journal of History, 43:2 (2009), pp. 169-181.

‘“Where the Measureless Ocean between us will Roar”: Scottish Emigration to New Zealand, Personal Correspondence and Epistolary Practices, c1850-1920’, Immigrants & Minorities, 26:3 (2008), pp. 242-65.

Book Chapters

‘Mutual, Ethnic and Diasporic: The Sons of England in Canada, c1880 to 1910’, in D. Gleeson (ed.), English Ethnicity and Culture in North America [Columbia, SC: University of South Carolina Press, 2017].

‘Ethnic Associationalism and Networking among the Scots in Asia: A Longitudinal Comparison, c1870 to the Present.’, in T.M. Devine and Angela McCarthy (eds), The Scots in Asia since c.1700: Settlers and Sojourners (London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2016).

‘Scottish Ethnic Associationalism, Military Identity and Diaspora Connections in the Late-Nineteenth and Early-Twentieth Centuries’, in D. Forsyth and W. Ugolini (eds), A Global Force: War, Identities and Scotland’s Diaspora (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2016).

‘“Gentlemen, I am going to the Old Country”: Scottish Roots-Tourists in the Late 19th and Early 20th Centuries’, in Mario Varricchio (ed.), Back to Caledonia: Scottish Return Migration from the Sixteenth Century to the Present (Edinburgh: John Donald, 2012).

‘Anglo-Saxonism and the Racialization of the English Diaspora’, in T. Bueltmann, D. Gleeson and D. M. MacRaild, Locating the English Diaspora, 1500-2010 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012).

[with D. Gleeson and D.M. MacRaild] ‘Introduction: Locating the English Diaspora: Problems, Perspectives and Approaches’, in T. Bueltmann, D. Gleeson and D.M. MacRaild (eds), Locating the English Diaspora, 1500-2010 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2012).

‘Remembering the Homeland: St Patrick’s Day Celebrations in New Zealand to 1910’, in O. Frawley (ed), Memory Ireland: Diaspora and Memory Practices (Syracuse:  Syracuse University Press, 2012).

[with G. Horn] ‘Migration and Ethnic Associational Culture: A Comparative Study of New Zealand’s Irish and Scottish Migrant Communities to 1905’, in V. Comerford and J. Kelly (eds), Associational Culture in Ireland and the Wider World (Dublin: Irish Academic Press, 2010).

‘Ethnic Identity, Sporting Caledonia and Respectability: Scottish Associational Life in New Zealand to 1910’, in T. Bueltmann, A. Hinson and G. Morton (eds), Ties of Bluid, Kin and Countrie: Scottish Associational Culture in the Diaspora (Guelph: Guelph Series in Scottish Studies, 2009).



Hong Kong and British Culture, 1945-97, by Mark Hampton, American Historical Review, 122:1 (2017), pp. 152-3.

Racial Crossings: Race, Intermarriage, and the Victorian British Empire, by Damon Ieremia Salesa, English Historical Review, 128 (2013), pp. 705-7.

Creating a Scottish Church: Catholicism, Gender, and Ethnicity in Nineteenth-century Scotland, by S. Karly Kehoe, Scottish Historical Review, 91:1 (2012), p. 189-91.

Ireland, Sweden and the Great European Migration 1815-1914, by Donald Harman Akenson, Journal of Transatlantic Studies, 10:1 (2012), pp. 104-5.

Settlers: New Zealand Immigrants from England, Ireland and Scotland 1800-1945, by Jock Phillips and Terry Hearn, Immigrants & Minorities 28:1 (2010), pp. 86-9.

Personal Narratives of Irish and Scottish Migration, 1921-65: ‘For Spirit and Adventure’, by Angela McCarthy, Immigrants & Minorities, 26:3 (2008), pp. 322-24.

The State of the Union: Scotland 1707-2007, by Jørgen Sevaldsen and Jens Rahbek Rasmussen (eds), International Review of Irish and Scottish Studies 33 (2008), pp. 133-35.

Writings for a General Audience

‘“Through the Fair Land of Scotia”: Émigré Scots Touring the Homeland’, History Scotland, 11:3 (2011), pp. 18-23.

[review] To the Ends of the Earth: Scotland’s Global Diaspora, 1750-2010, by T.M. Devine, History Scotland, 12:4 (2012).

[review] From Hirta to Port Phillip: The Story of the Ill-Fated Emigration from St Kilda to Australia in 1852, by Eric Richards, History Scotland 11:4 (2011), p. 55.

[review] Doing Well and Doing Good: Ross & Glendining, Scottish Enterprise in New Zealand, by SRH Jones, History Scotland 11:1 (2011), p. 59.

5 thoughts on “About

  • 29 October 2013 at 8:01 pm

    Hi, Tanja! I was really happy to find you today through I am a descendant of a Scottish prisoner of war from the Battle of Dunbar on 3 Sep 1650. There are many descendants and researchers of the Scottish Prisoners that were exiled to the “New World” in 1650 and 1651 by Cromwell. The more we learn about them the more we see that they did tend to stick together whenever possible, creating communities and organizations and even naming some places “Scotland” in New England. Have you consider studying more about this group of Scots? They were the largest and earliest group of Scots to New England in the mid 17th century. David Dobson has written some books about the early Scots to America, but there has never been a thorough and complete study of these Scots as a group as far as I know. I have started a blog/website to try and bring the family descendants together to learn more about our Scots prisoners. My blog/web site is a work of love in progress. I am not a professional by any means. I just love history and especially my Scottish family history. 🙂

    • 29 October 2013 at 10:20 pm

      Hi Teresa,

      Thanks for getting in touch and delighted that you found the blog. Love your enthusiasm and the family story!

      Please keep in touch (and sorry again for the Twitter glitch).

      Best, Tanja

  • 22 August 2014 at 10:11 am

    Many thanks for sharing that story! I think you’re right about the importance such ‘niche experiences/impacts’. As yes, the story of the Scots in Asia is fascinating indeed — and underexplored. So I much appreciate your good wishes for my work. Thanks!

  • 9 March 2016 at 12:46 pm

    Dear Professor:

    As Chair of the Scottish Society of Ottawa, I have just recently learned of your digital museum initiative. Congratulations on a most innovative and meaningful undertaking.

    In much the same vein (attempt to safeguard Scottish diaspora history), I am the author of a novel focused on the Highland Scottish settlers of Cape Breton in the period 1894 to 1914. While it is “fiction”, it is very much based on historical fact from stories flowing my family and others who settled in this area in the 1820s and 1830s. It is almost a psychological / sociological portrayal of a small highland community in Cape Breton with most of the dialogue in Gaelic (with English translations provided). I simply wanted it to be as accurate a portrayal as possible.

    A few copies of the first printing are still available from the publisher (Glen Margaret Publishing) in Nova Scotia. We will shortly be going to a reprint and hope to begin focusing on or targeting a UK audience given that the first print run was primarily sold to a North American audience. The title of the book is A Stone on Their Cairn / Clach air an Càrn.

    All the very best.

    • 11 March 2016 at 5:50 pm

      Thanks very much – delighted that you think it’s innovative and meaningful: hopefully there’ll be a lot contributions. And thank you for sharing this too. All the best wishes to you too.


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