Here you can find details on the books I have authored, co-authored and co-edited with a Scottish diaspora theme. Please also visit my Author Central site at Amazon.


Clubbing Together: Ethnicity, Civility and Formal Sociability in the Scottish Diaspora to 1930 (Liverpool: Liverpool University Press, 2014).

Winner Saltire Society Research Book of the Year 2015

Bueltmann-cover-design-clubbingEmigrants carried a rich array of associations with them to the new worlds in which the settled, often ‘clubbing together’ along ethnic lines shortly after first foot fall. Yet while a crucial element of immigrant community life, one of the richest examples, that of Scottish migrants, has received only patchy coverage. Moreover, no one has yet problematized Scottish associations, such as St Andrew’s societies or Burns clubs, as a series of transnational connections that were deeply rooted in the civic life of their respective communities. This book provides the first global study to capture the wider relevance of the Scots’ associationalism, arguing that associations and formal sociability are a key to explaining how migrants negotiated their ethnicity in the diaspora and connected to social structures in diverse settlements. Moving beyond the traditional nineteenth-century settler dominions, the book offers a unique comparative focus, bringing together Scotland’s near diaspora in England and Ireland with that in North America, Africa, and Australasia to assess the evolution of Scottish ethnic associations, as well as their diverse roles as sites of memory and expressions of civility. The book reveals that the structures offered by Scottish associations engaged directly with the local, New World contexts, developing distinct characteristics that cannot be subsumed under one simplistic label—that of an overseas ‘national society’. The book promotes understanding not only of Scottish ethnicity overseas, but also of how different types of ethnic associational activism made diaspora tangible.



The Scottish Diaspora (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2013, with Andrew Hinson and Graeme Morton).

Preview from Google Books

ScottishDiaspora coverDid you know that Scotland was one of Europe’s main population exporters in the age of mass migration? Or that the Scottish Honours System was introduced as far afield as New Zealand? This comprehensive introductory history of the Scottish diaspora covers the period c.1700 to 1945 and examines these and related issues by exploring the migration of Scots overseas, their experiences in the new worlds in which they settled and the impact of the diaspora on Scotland. Global in scope, the book’s distinctive feature is its focus on both the geographies of the Scottish diaspora and key theories, concepts and themes, including associationalism and return migration. By revisiting these themes throughout the chapters, the multifaceted characteristics of ‘Scottishness’ abroad are unravelled, transcending narrow interpretations that define the Scottish diaspora primarily in terms of the movement of people. Readers will gain an understanding of migration flows, destination countries and the imprints and legacies of émigré Scots overseas and at home.


‘The global impact of Scots has been an exciting area of Scottish historical studies in recent times: this book delivers sophistication, definition and clear guidance to the complexities of the field. Its coverage is extensive and its approach is critical. It will appeal to anyone with a serious interest in Scottish history in its widest sense.’
Prof Ewen Cameron, University of Edinburgh

‘With Scotland’s identity under the spotlight, this book is particularly timely. Through a comprehensive chronological, thematic and geographical lens, the authors have produced an academic but accessible study in which existing scholarship is successfully synthesised with penetrating new analysis of the impact of Scotland’s diaspora on participants, homeland and hostlands.’
Prof Marjory Harper, University of Aberdeen

>>> For more details on the book please visit Edinburgh University Press.


Scottish Ethnicity and the Making of New Zealand Society, 1850-1930 (Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2011).

Preview from Google Books

tanjashrmThe Scots accounted for around a quarter of all UK-born immigrants to New Zealand between 1861 and 1945, but have only been accorded scant attention in New Zealand histories, specialist immigration histories and Scottish Diaspora Studies. This is all the more peculiar because the flow of Scots to New Zealand, although relatively unimportant to Scotland, constituted a sizable element to the country’s much smaller population. Seen as adaptable, integrating relatively more quickly than other ethnic migrant groups in New Zealand, the Scots’ presence was obscured by a fixation on the romanticised shortbread tin façade of Scottish identity overseas. By uncovering Scottish ethnicity from the verges of nostalgia, this study documents the notable imprint Scots left on New Zealand. The book examines Scottish immigrant community life, culture and identity between 1850 and 1930, exploring informal and formal networks, associational life, and transferred cultural practices. The study captures how Scottish immigrants negotiated their ethnicity, but also how that ethnicity fed into wider social structures in New Zealand. In probing the powerful narratives of atomisation and individualism that have been identified as key to understanding New Zealand’s colonial period, this book contends that Scots contributed disproportionately to the making of New Zealand society.


‘This is a welcome addition to the growing scholarship on the Scottish diaspora. … The author’s examination … which commendably avoids the widespread tendency toward the inflation of a facile buzzword in ethnic and migration studies, is neatly dissected in a standout penultimate chapter. … This first-rate book confirms the importance of scholarly research on the still sparsely surveyed terrain of the shared and unshared ideas and actions among diverse settlers of British origin, whose varying levels of visibility are brought into the spotlight in this study. It deserves a wide readership’.
Dr David Person, American Historical Review

>>> For full details on the book, please visit Edinburgh University Press.


Ties of Bluid, Kin and Countrie: Scottish Associational Culture in the Diaspora, edited collection (Guelph, 2009, with Andrew Hinson and Graeme Morton).

Screen Shot 2015-11-03 at 14.06.20Whether for philantrophic, religious, or social purposes migrant Scots established a vast array of clubs, societies and institutions around the world. This helped to preserve a distinctive Scottish identity within newly adopted countries of residence. With examples from Canada, the US, Australia, New Zealand, Engand and Northern Ireland, Ties of bluid, kin and countrie is the first volume of its kind to examine collectively these associations.

Chapter highlights include: R. J. Morris (Edinburgh), ‘The Enlightenment and the Thistle’;    Tanja Bueltmann (Northumbria), ‘Ethnic Identity, Sporting Caledonia and Respectability’; Graeme Morton (Dundee), ‘Ethnic Identity in the Civic World of Scottish Associational Culture’; John Burnett (Edinburgh Napier University), ‘Department of Help for Skint Scotsmen!’; S. Karly Kehoe (Glasogow Caledonian), ‘Catholic Identity in the Diaspora’;   Angela McCarthy (Otago), ‘The Scots’ Society of St. Andrew, Hull, 1910-2001′; Marjory Harper (Aberdeen), ‘Transplanted Identities’.